United Kingdom

The United Kingdom

In general, the desire for economic prosperity, paid work, better living standards, family reunification, retirement plans, climate, etc can be considered as the factor of migration to another place. The UK is considered as one of the internationally attracted countries where people immigrate for many reasons. Availability of job opportunities, economic and labor markets, educational opportunities, etc are the major driving factors.

UK Visa Categories :

The UK immigration system is quite enclosed type. The visa categories are classified into different tiers based on certain factors:

  • Eligibility criteria for the tier system are point-based.
  • Candidates are selected based on their education, experience, age, etc.

A series of changes have been made by the UK government to restrict immigration to the UK from outside EEA.

Tier Visa System :

Tier 2 (General):

Foreign nationals are offered a skilled job to fill the gap in the workforce that cannot be filled by a settled worker.

Eligibility Criteria:

Total Score Points: 70

  • You should have a job offer and a Certificate of Sponsorship from a licensed sponsor in the UK.
  • The sponsor also should meet the requirements for the category you are applying to.
Certificate of Sponsorship should meet the following:
  • A resident labor market test exemption or
  • A resident labor market test by the guarantor or
  • An extension – Staying to work in the same profession for the same guarantor.
30 points
Salary £20,800 and above or entry clearance as:
  • Tier 2 (General)
  • Jewish Agency employee or
  • Operation Ground Crew of an overseas-owned airline or
  • A member of a religious order or
  • A delegate of an Overseas Newspaper, News Agency or Broadcasting Organization or
  • Work Permit holder
20 points
English Proficiency 10 points
Maintenance:

Therefore, you must show that:

  • You currently have entry clearance as a Tier 2 skilled worker or
  • Your A-rated (Premium or Small/ Medium-sized Enterprise or Guarantor) guarantees on the Certificate of Sponsorship that they will take care and accommodate you up to the end of your first month of employment in the country if required or
  • £945 in personal savings for 90 consecutive days.
10 points
Tier 2 (Intra- Company- Transfer):

Employees who are being transferred either on a long-term basis or for frequent short visits by their overseas employer to a UK branch of the organization comes under this category.

Eligibility Criteria:

Total Score Points: 50

Certificate of Sponsorship 30 points
Appropriate salary ranges:
  • Long Term Staff earns £41,500
  • Short Term Staff, Graduate Trainee and, Skill Transfer earns £23,000
20 points
Tier 2 (Sports Person):

Sports people and coaches who are internationally established at the highest level and are endorsed by the Sport's governing body are applicable under this category.

Eligibility Criteria:

Certificate of Sponsorship 50 points
English Language Proficiency 10 points
Maintenance 10 points
Tier 2 (Minister Of Religion):

For people who have been offered employment within their faith communities in the UK as:

  • Ministers of religion undertaking preaching and pastoral work or
  • Missionaries or
  • Members of religious orders

Eligibility Criteria:

Certificate of Sponsorship 50 points
English Language Proficiency 10 points
Maintenance 10 points
Tier 4 (General Student):

This is for adult students who want to come to or remain in the UK for their post-16 education. You can apply under this category if you are 16 or 17 years old and have an urge to study a course at or above the National Qualification Framework level 3. Or under Tier 4 (Child) else if you want to study English as a foreign language, then you have to apply under Tier 4 (General) student.

Eligibility Criteria:

Confirmation of Acceptance 30 points
Maintenance 10 points
Tier 4 (Child):

Applicable to children coming to the UK to be educated between the ages of 4 and 17 years old. If you are 16 or 17 years old, and you want to study a course at or above (NQF) level 3, you and your Tier 4 sponsor can agree whether you should apply to us under Tier 4 (Child) category or Tier 4 (General) category. You can apply as Tier 4 (Child) student if you want to study at NQF level 2 or below.

Eligibility Criteria:

Confirmation of Acceptance 30 points
Maintenance 10 points
Tier 5 Visa :

This category contains temporary workers such as sporting, charity, and religious workers, youth mobility schemes which enable people to move to the UK for the short term. The youth mobility scheme is for young, energetic people to experience life and work in the UK without any sponsorship or job offer. They are sponsored by his/her government. Education, Experience and Investment visas fall under the 5 tier system. Visitor visas, Family visas, and some UK visas are separate.

  • UK Visitor Visa: This visa helps you to get an entry to the UK as a visitor.
  • UK Family Visa: This category will either bring your family to the UK, helps to join with the family member living there.
  • UK Business Visa: This visa type covers long term business visas which fall outside of the tier system.
Tier 5 (Temporary Worker - Creative and Sporting):

This category is for people coming to the UK to work or perform as sportspeople, entertainers or creative artists for up to 12 months.

Eligibility Criteria:

  • A sponsor and a valid certificate of sponsorship are required.
Why Tier 5 (Temporary Worker - Creative and Sporting):
  • It permits to enter the UK.
  • Applying to enter the UK if you are not required to have a visa and are entering for 3 months or less.
  • Already in the UK as a sports person and want to extend your permission to stay for up to 12 months.
  • Already in the UK as a creative worker for 12 months or less - You can extend your period to stay for up to a maximum of 24 months.
Tier 5 (Temporary Worker-Charity Workers):

Applicable for people doing voluntary (unpaid) work for a charity in the UK. The work must be directly related to the work of your sponsor’s organization.

Eligibility Criteria:

  • A sponsor and a valid certificate of sponsorship are required.
Why Tier 5 (Temporary Worker-Charity Workers):
  • Enter the UK.
  • To extend permission.
Tier 5 (Temporary Worker-Religious Workers):

Applicable to the people coming to the UK as a religious worker (temporary).

Eligibility Criteria:

  • A sponsor and a valid certificate of sponsorship are required.
Why Tier 5 (Temporary Worker-Religious Workers):
  • Enter the UK under the religious worker category.
  • To extend permission.
Tier 5 (Temporary Worker-Government Authorized Exchange):

Applicable for people coming to the UK through approved schemes - to share knowledge and to experience the social and cultural life of the UK.

Eligibility Criteria:

  • A sponsor and a valid certificate of sponsorship are required.
Why Tier 5 (Temporary Worker-Government Authorized Exchange):
  • Enter the UK.
  • To extend permission.
Tier 5 (Temporary Worker-International Agreement):

Applicable for people coming to the UK under contract to do work that is covered under international law.

Eligibility Criteria:

  • A sponsor and a valid certificate of sponsorship are required.
Tier 5 (Temporary Worker-Youth Mobility Scheme):

Applicable for young people who want to come and experience life in the UK.

The countries and territories listed in this scheme are:

Australia - 35,000 places

Canada - 5,500 places

Japan - 1,000 places

Monaco - 1,000 places

New Zealand - 10,000 places

Republic of Korea - 1,000 places (certificates of sponsorship required)

Taiwan - 1,000 places (certificates of sponsorship required)

Indefinite Leave to Remain :

Indefinite Leave To Remain (ILR) is generally referred to as Permanent Residence in the UK. ILR is granted to those UK visa holders who have lived in the UK for a specific period using a temporary visa. ILR provides them the benefit of living in the UK for as long as they wish and can even apply for naturalization. The processing time of ILR varies depending on the visa class of the applicant. Applicants must have sufficient knowledge of English and about life in the UK. The applicant under the age of 18 or over 65 is exempted.

Entry clearance :

Entry clearance is needed by all visa nationals to enter into the UK. The applicant must prove that their purpose in entering the UK is positive that would support the country's economy. Also, they must prove that they are eligible for a visa and will be requested to attend an interview. These are a few processes that take place for entry clearance. The start date and expiry date are provided depending upon the entry clearance sought.

General Documents required to apply for UK immigration :

Visas are different and hence have unique requirements for document submission. A general list of document requirements are listed below:

  • A copy of the certificate of sponsorship.
  • Valid certificate for English proficiency.
  • Copy of bank statements on funds and personal savings is required to support yourself initially in the UK.
  • Current passport and travel document to prove that you can travel. A page in the passport must be blank for your visa.
  • Copy of expired passport or travel document to know your travel history.
  • Medical test reports, especially tuberculosis results of the listed countries.
  • Copy of criminal record certificates.

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